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Exterior of the headquarters of Rainbow PUSH (People United to Save Humanity), the organization founded by the Reverend Jesse Jackson, in the Kenwood neighborhood of Chicago, IL, 1993. Three young children are visible outside the building. (Photo by The Abbott Sengstacke Family Papers/Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images)

African Americans in Comics

The color line in comic books was broken the same year as in baseball, with Orrin Evans's All Negro Comics in 1947. Since then, comic books have become a source of inspiration for Hollywood blockbusters, generating billions at the box office.

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Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.We find ourselves today in one of those moments—a new nadir in the line of progress—when scholars, activists, and educators need to regroup, refocus, and reenergize if their work is to "bend" what Dr. King famously invoked from the abolitionist Theodore Parker as the "arc of the moral universe."

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Lesson Plans Country Profiles Focus On
Use the Oxford African American Studies Center to bring online learning into the classroom. Vital statistics and reference articles on countries that have been central to the history of Africans and African Americans. Explore photo essays on important events, people, and themes in African American history.


Franklin W. Knight

Franklin W. Knight introduces the Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography.

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What's New


Sixty-four new biographies have been added to the African American National Biography, including entries on Miss Major Griffin-Gracy, Lynn Nottage, and Shuggie Otis.
Community Spotlight
New articles have been added to the Community Spotlight on LGBTQ African Americans.
Lesson Plans

Using Digital Sources to Teach about Enslavement and the Underground Railroad in Southwestern Ohio, Northern Kentucky, and Southern Indiana

This lesson plan explores the legacy of the Underground Railroad in Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio as well the effect it had on the nation at large.

Teacher Resources

Building a Community of Scholars

Dr. Theresa Vara-Dannen discusses her work with high school students to create scholarly entries for the African American National Biography.

Guide to Reference Works

This feature allows you to scroll through the tables of contents for each of the major reference works on the Oxford African American Studies Center, including the African American National Biography, Africana, Black Women in America, the Encyclopedia of African American History, as well as the Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography, the Dictionary of African Biography, and the Encyclopedia of African Thought.

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What's Inside
  • 10,000 articles Over 10,000 articles from Oxford's authoritative reference program — with primary source documents, images, maps, chart and tables, and much more!
  • Notepad Search and Browse features allow you to focus and refine results by era and subject category.
  • Globe Primary Source Documents, with specially written commentaries, take you through the personal and public histories of African Americans.
  • Calendar Charts and tables provide information on everything from demographics to government and politics to business and labor to education and the arts