Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Biography
Maurice Rupert Bishop (1944–1983) (commons.wikimedia.org)
Maurice Bishop led the Grenadan New Jewel Movement that rose in 1973 to oppose the Gairy regime's corruption and crimes against its people, ending with a revolutionary coup d'etat in 1979. According to DCALAB author Nicole L. Philip-Dowe, Bishop's revolutionary ideology was shaped in part by his early experiences in London, where he earned a law degree in the 1960s: "Racism and the economic disparity of rich and poor formed part of Bishop's experience in London. The rise of black nationalism and black power made evident by the works of Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, and Malcolm X of the United States helped to influence and shape Bishop's political outlook and consciousness. By the early 1970s Bishop could be defined as a revolutionary democrat further influenced by the revolutionary movements in Cuba, Angola, and Mozambique, along with the writings of Karl Marx, Lenin, and C. L. R James." Bishop served as Prime Minister of Grenada's revolutionary socialist regime from 1979 to 1983. Political divisions within the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) led to his house arrest and execution shortly before the United States invaded Grenada and ended the PRG's rule in 1983.