Africans in America
Max Theiler, 1951. (AP Images.)
After graduating from the premedical program at the University of Cape Town in 1918, Max Theiler (1899–1972) continued his training at Saint Thomas' Hospital, University of London, specializing in tropical medicine. In 1922, he moved on to Harvard University, where he began his groundbreaking research on yellow fever in mice. He later took his work to the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation in New York City, where he developed a vaccine for yellow fever that virtually eliminated the disease as a public health issue within a decade. His colleague Albert Sabin—known for developing an oral vaccine for polio—nominated Theiler for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, which Theiler eventually received in 1951. Theiler taught at Yale for the remainder of his career, and died in New Haven in 1972.