The Negro Leagues
Courtesy of Library of Congress.
Among baseball's greatest players, Jackie Robinson played baseball at the University of California, Los Angeles, before joining the high-profile and much-celebrated Kansas City Monarchs franchise in 1944. It was while playing for this longest-running of the great Negro League teams that Robinson fell under the gaze of Branch Rickey, president and manager of Major League baseball's Brooklyn Dodgers, who was determined to steal away the Negro Leagues' most talented and accomplished players. After a stint in the minors, Jackie Robinson was brought up, and on 15 April 1947, Major League baseball's color line was broken. Robinson became the first African American to play in the majors in more than half a century.