Black Churches in America
Courtesy of Library of Congress.
The Vermont Avenue Baptist Church in Washington DC was one of the first churches founded in the period of black Baptist expansion that followed the Civil War. Established by freedmen and women in 1866, the church is shown here in a photograph taken in 1899 and is still standing today. In 1964 it provided a scholarship to Shirley Ann Jackson, a local parishioner who went on to become a physicist, educator, and both the first African American and the first woman to head the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.