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PHOTO ESSAY

Emancipation and the Meaning of Juneteenth

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General Gordon Granger, c. 1860-1870

General Gordon Granger, c. 1860-1870. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Civil War Photographs.

However, not all slaves learned that emancipation had been granted by President Lincoln. Enslaved African Americans in Texas did not find out they were free until 19 June 1865, when the Union general Gordon Granger read the Emancipation Proclamation in Galveston, thus freeing 250,000 slaves in Texas.

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