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PHOTO ESSAY

Emancipation and the Meaning of Juneteenth

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The announcement of emancipation in South Carolina.

Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 24 January 1863. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

As a result all fugitive and “contraband” slaves who had fled from the Confederacy and were now in Union hands became free men and women. The original caption for the above image reads “Emancipation Day in South Carolina”—the Color-Sergeant of the 1st South Carolina (Colored) Volunteers addressing the regiment, after having been presented with the Stars and Stripes, at Smith's plantation, Port Royal, January 1.”

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