African Americans in World War I
Image from: Scott, The American Negro in the World War (1919).
Allied troops never set a foot on German soil in World War I, but the German Kaiser Wilhelm II was the focal point of much Allied propaganda. Portrayed as a warmongering tyrant and the enemy of democracy, the Kaiser was the personification of the German foe. Contemporary British sources in fact referred to the conflict as "the Kaiser's War." Wilhelm II relied increasingly on Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and his chief of staff Erich Ludendorff as the war dragged on, but remained the supreme head of the German Empire until his abdication in November 1918. This photograph shows Corporal Fred McIntyre of the 369th Infantry with a photograph of the Kaiser he captured from a German officer while raiding a dugout.