African Americans in World War I
Courtesy of the Library of Congress
The Red Cross Motor Service was initiated to deliver supplies, transport troops to and from the front, and to help Red Cross workers bring aid to isolated hospitals and devastated French villages. Organizations such as the American Fund for French Wounded (AFFW), the Smith College Relief Unit, and the American Committee for Devastated France (ACDF) employed women drivers throughout the war zone in France. Although volunteer drivers played an important role from the beginning of the war, the Motor Corps became especially influential in and after 1918. The volunteer women shown here are helping a wounded soldier from an ambulance into a theater where a show is being given for wounded black soldiers.