Brown v. Board of Education
Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
Despite Governor Wallace's resistance, Vivian Malone and James Hood successfully enrolled at the University of Alabama. Although Hood eventually left to attend school in Michigan, Malone stayed and became the first African American to graduate from the university in 1965. Despite the hostility of many of her classmates, she thrived at the school and after graduating remained active in the civil rights movement throughout her life. In 1996 Malone was chosen by the George Wallace Foundation to be the first recipient of the Lureen B. Wallace Award of Courage, which she received from the former governor himself, three decades after their first confrontational meeting.