Brown v. Board of Education
Courtesy of Library of Congress.
Another standoff took place on 11 June 1963 at the University of Alabama, where Governor George Wallace attempted to block the admission of two students—Vivian Malone and James Hood—from entering the school's Foster Auditorium. Although in this case the resistance was nonviolent and lasted only fifteen minutes, Wallace's stand illustrated the determination of some southern state governments to resist the federal order to integrate their schools. Like the shadow of the past, the issue of a state's right to resist the federal government again proved troubling for the nation. Governor Wallace is shown on the left in the auditorium door, being confronted by Deputy U. S. Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach.