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PHOTO ESSAY

The Obama Presidency

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Obama Long Form Birth Certificate

President Obama's Long Form Birth Certificate (Hawaii State Department of Health/obamawhitehouse.archives.gov)

In November 2012 Barack Obama was re-elected with a comfortable victory over former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. He lost only Indiana, North Carolina, and Nebraska's 2nd Congressional District for 332 electoral votes and 51.1 percent of the popular vote, making Obama the first President since Ronald Reagan in 1988 to win back to back popular vote majorities, and the first Democrat to do so since FDR. On the eve of the inauguration, a poll found that 52 percent of Americans viewed the President positively, down from the giddy heights of 64 percent four years earlier. A more marked change from 2009, however, was the growing strength and intensity of the opposition to Obama and his policies. Whereas only 14 percent of Americans had "somewhat" (8%) or "very" (6%) negative feelings toward the new President in January 2009, four years later 37 percent viewed him negatively (11 % "somewhat" and 26 % "very"), according to an NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey. Obama's higher negatives were driven by the intense partisanship of his Republican opponents, notably those associated with the right-wing Tea Party faction of the GOP-controlled House of Representatives. Personal animus towards the President was strongest among "Birthers," who continued to insist that he was born outside the United States, despite the April 2011 release of his Hawaii birth certificate.

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