African Americans and Washington DC
Mary McLeod Bethune Memorial, located in Lincoln Park. Deborah Willis/AASC
The Mary McLeod Bethune Memorial is located in Lincoln Park on East Capitol Street NE between 11th and 13th Streets. Educator Mary McLeod Bethune (July 10, 1875 — May 18, 1955) was an educator and advisor to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. During the New Deal era (1930s), Mrs. Bethune consulted with President Roosevelt on political and educational matters important to the black community. Bethune founded the National Council of Negro Women and Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, Florida in 1904 where she educated former enslaved children. Depicting Bethune with two children, the statue, the first monument honoring a black woman in Washington, D. C., was erected July 10, 1974 by the National Council of Negro Women, Inc. Robert Berks sculpted the bronze monument, completing it in 1973 after the NCNW raised $150,000 following thirteen years of fund raising for the memorial.