Courtesy of Snark/Art Resource, New York.
This image from Life and Times of Frederick Douglass shows Colonel Edward Lloyd, the owner of Whye Plantation and the largest slaveholder in Maryland, whipping an elderly ostler named Barney. Douglass witnessed the incident and later wrote of it as "one of the most heart-saddening and humiliating scenes I ever witnessed. . . . 'Uncover your head,' said the imperious master; he was obeyed. 'Take off your jacket, you old rascal!' and off came Barney's jacket. 'Down on you knees!' down knelt the old man, his shoulders bare, his bald head glistening in the sunshine, and his aged knees on the old, damp ground. In this humble and debasing attitude, that master, to whom he had devoted his best years and the best strength of his life, came forward and laid on thirty lashes with his horse-whip."